Overlays Capture Architecture
OCA is a standardized global solution for data capture and exchange which protects sensitive data and provides a positive alternative to current architectures.
A schema, a machine-readable definition of the semantics of a data structure, is typically created as a single data object. However, OCA represents a schema as a multi-dimensional object consisting of a stable schema base and linked overlays, data objects that provide additional extensions, coloration, and functionality to the base object. Any sponsor can use a pre-existing schema base and build their own suite of linked overlays to add extra context to transform how information is displayed to a viewer or to guide an agent in how to apply a custom process to schema data.
OCA offers many advantages, including:
- Simplified data pooling. Decoupling can occur at any time as overlays are linked objects. With all colouration definitions stored in the overlays, combining data from related sources becomes seamless. Overlays can be removed from the base objects before the data merging process and reapplied to ensure consistent colouration post data pooling.
- Stable capture bases. Most schema updates occur at the application stage. In the case of OCA, all extension and colouration definitions are applied in the overlays, enabling issuers to edit one or more of the linked objects to create simple updates rather than reissue capture bases on an ongoing basis.
- Flagged attributes for encryption. By referencing the Blinding Identity Taxonomy (BIT), issuers can flag attributes in the capture base that could potentially unblind the identity of a governing entity. With attributes flagged at the base object layer, all corresponding data can be treated as sensitive throughout a data lifecycle and encrypted or removed at any stage, making associated governing entity identification impossible.
- Data decentralisation. Capture base definitions can remain in their purest form as a standard base to decentralise data. Thus, once the data holder has given adequate consent, data controllers can contribute anonymous data upon which 3rd parties can trigger granular criteria searches for matched data, eliminating the need for data silos and encouraging consented data sharing. In addition, self-determination regarding the secondary use of personal data empowers the data holder.
- Internationalisation. A separate linked data object captures character set encoding definitions. Thus, a single report definition can contain different attribute forms for different languages available to users, based on a user's locale and other language preferences.
OCA is built to provide data harmonization architecture for Dynamic Data Economy (DDE). For that reason OCA strongly relies on security characteristics which are necessary to achieve authenticity. Each OCA object is equipped with a Self-Addressing Identifier (SAI) which is cryptographically bound to the content of the object. SAI assures immutability, it can be deterministically generated directly from the content and verified without need to interact with any service or provider. This approach promotes content-based networks where we care about what it is and not where it is, leading towards a more decentralized ecosystem.